China’s revised National Defense Law?took effect?Friday after its adoption by China’s top legislature, the Standing Committee of the 13th National People’s Congress (NPC), at its twenty-fourth session on December 26 and?subsequent promulgation by President Xi Jinping. The amendment makes significant changes, with a total of 54 articles revised, six added and three deleted from the [...]

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The Court of Appeals of North Carolina ruled Thursday that people who are or have been in a dating relationship with a same-sex partner are equally protected against domestic violence as persons in opposite-sex relationships placed in a similar situation. North Carolina was the only US state where such protection had been unavailable. The case [...]

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The president of Algeria signed on Friday a presidential decree formally promulgating the recent amendment to the constitution. The new Constitution was adopted in November through a referendum and was awaiting presidential assent, which has been granted by President?Abdelmadjid Tebboune’s Friday signature. The major amendments include provisions which allow renewal of presidential term only once [...]

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The Standing Committee of the National People’s Congress on Saturday passed an amendment punishing acts of luring, instigating, forcing or offering banned substances to athletes competing in domestic or international events. Amendment XI was added to Article 355 of the Criminal Law of the People’s Republic of China, a provision which originally punished the act [...]

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In a majority decision, the Constitutional Court of Romania has struck down?a legislative amendment that effectively banned the subject of gender studies in university education as unconstitutional. Article 7(1)(e) of the impugned amendment was introduced earlier this year to amend Article 7 of the National Education Law No. 1/2011. The amendment prohibited any discussion in [...]

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The United Nations Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR) called on Thai authorities Friday to amend a Thai criminal code provision that punishes insulting the country’s monarchy. The OHCHR statement came in response to the arrest of as many as 35 protesters, including a 16-year-old student, in recent weeks. Under section 112 [...]

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The Constitutional Court of Austria found?the ban on assisted death unconstitutional on Friday as a violation of an?individual’s right to self-determination. The decision came after various affected stakeholders, including two terminally ill individuals, requested removal of the provision. Section 78 of the Criminal Code of Austria made the act of “assisting suicide” a criminal offense. [...]

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The Constitutional Court of Austria ruled Friday that the ban on wearing headscarves in elementary schools is unconstitutional as a violation of the principle of equality in connection with an individual’s right to religious freedom. Section 43a of the School Education Act of 1986 prohibited the wearing of any ideological or religious clothing involving the [...]

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The national civil registry of Bolivia recognized for the first time on Friday a same-sex civil union after a two-year legal battle between the applicants, a gay couple, and the administrative authorities. The case stemmed from an application by David Aruquipa and Guido Monta?o, who had applied to register their relationship as a “free union” [...]

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Bhutan’s parliament adopted the Penal Code (Amendment) Bill of 2019 on Thursday, decriminalizing homosexual conduct between two consenting adults. The legislation was tabled before both houses, being the National Assembly and the National Council, in a joint sitting of the bicameral legislature this year. Section 213 of the Penal Code of Bhutan criminalized “unnatural sex,” [...]

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